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Biopsy Incision

Biopsy Incision

When it comes to medical diagnostics, when doctors encounter anomalies within the body that require closer examination, a Biopsy Incision often becomes a necessary step. This procedure might sound intimidating at first, but understanding its purpose and process can alleviate many concerns. Essentially, a Biopsy Incision is a surgical intervention designed to extract a small sample of tissue from your body. This sample is then meticulously analysed in a laboratory setting to determine the presence or nature of a disease, such as cancer.

The decision to proceed with a Biopsy Incision follows a series of preliminary assessments and tests that suggest an irregularity requiring further investigation. The importance of this procedure lies in its ability to provide concrete evidence.

Chester Consultant Plastic Surgeon Anca Breahna, as a qualified and experienced plastic surgeon, possesses the requisite skills and expertise to perform a Biopsy Incision procedure with precision and care.

At a glance

Procedure Time
Depends on the type of procedure perfomed
Procedure Anaesthesia
Local or general anaesthesia
Procedure Downtime
A few days

Table of Contents

What is a Biopsy Incision?

A Biopsy Incision is a precise surgical procedure aimed at diagnosing diseases by examining tissue directly from the source. Whether there’s an unexplained mass, an abnormal skin change, or a concern raised by imaging tests, a Biopsy Incision allows to investigate further. This procedure is particularly significant in the context of cancer diagnosis, where identifying the disease at its earliest stage can greatly influence treatment success.

During a Biopsy Incision, Anca makes a small cut on your skin to access and remove a piece of tissue from the area of concern. This sample is then sent to a pathology lab, where specialists examine it under a microscope to detect any signs of disease. The results from this analysis are crucial; they can confirm or rule out the presence of cancer, identify infections, or highlight other conditions.

One of the main advantages of a Biopsy Incision is its ability to provide a definitive diagnosis. While imaging tests like MRI or CT scans can reveal areas of concern, they cannot always determine the nature of the problem. A biopsy bridges this gap by offering a clear picture of what is happening inside your body at a cellular level.

The procedure is typically performed under local anaesthesia, which means you’ll be awake but won’t feel pain in the biopsy area. The specifics of the procedure vary depending on the location of the tissue being examined and the amount needed for a reliable diagnosis. Despite the variety in biopsy techniques, the goal remains the same: to obtain a tissue sample that can shed light on your health status, paving the way for appropriate treatment.

Who Needs a Biopsy Incision?

A Biopsy Incision becomes a consideration for individuals where there’s a suspicion of an underlying condition that cannot be conclusively diagnosed through less invasive methods. If you’ve undergone preliminary screenings or imaging tests that have identified anomalies—such as lumps, unusual masses, changes in tissue appearance, or unexplained symptoms—your medical team may recommend a biopsy as the next step. This procedure is particularly pertinent in cases where there’s a possibility of cancer, as it can provide a definitive diagnosis and help determine the extent of the disease.

Moreover, individuals experiencing symptoms that do not have an apparent cause, or those who have had previous tests that suggest the presence of a serious condition, might also be candidates for a biopsy. It’s a way for doctors to gather essential information when other diagnostic tools fall short of providing clear answers.

It’s important to understand that being advised to undergo a Biopsy Incision does not automatically mean that you have a serious disease. The procedure is a diagnostic tool—part of a complex approach to figuring out what’s happening inside your body. It allows doctors to gather the information needed to make informed decisions about your care, potentially ruling out severe conditions or confirming a diagnosis that would benefit from early treatment.

Benefits of the Biopsy Incision Procedure

It provides a high level of diagnostic accuracy. While imaging tests can detect abnormalities, they cannot always clarify the nature of these findings. A biopsy, however, can conclusively determine whether a suspicious area is benign or malignant, what type of cells are involved, and the aggressiveness of any disease present. This level of detail is indispensable for formulating an effective treatment plan.

Another advantage of a Biopsy Incision is the tailored treatment it enables. With precise information about the nature of a disease, your doctor can design a treatment strategy that is specifically suited to your condition. For cancers, this might mean identifying the most responsive treatments to the specific type of cancer cells present. In non-cancerous conditions, it could lead to targeted therapy that addresses the underlying cause of your symptoms.

Furthermore, a Biopsy Incision can offer peace of mind. The uncertainty of not knowing the cause of a medical issue can be distressing. By providing clear answers, a biopsy can alleviate the anxiety associated with ambiguous symptoms and inconclusive tests. Even if the diagnosis confirms a serious condition, knowing exactly what you’re dealing with allows you and your healthcare team to take decisive action.

The procedure also plays a critical role in ongoing disease management. For patients already undergoing treatment for a condition, a Biopsy Incision can assess the effectiveness of the therapy and guide adjustments to the treatment plan if necessary. It’s a tool that supports not just the initial diagnosis but the entire treatment journey, ensuring that care remains as effective and responsive as possible.

Types of Biopsy Procedures

Excisional Biopsy

This procedure involves the removal of an entire lump or suspicious area for examination. It is often employed when there’s a palpable mass that needs to be fully removed to determine whether it’s benign or malignant. Excisional biopsies are common in breast lump investigations, where removing the whole lump can simultaneously serve as a part of treatment if the lump is found to be cancerous.

Incisional Biopsy

In situations where a mass is too large to be entirely removed, or in cases where it’s located in a challenging or risky area, an incisional biopsy is performed. This involves taking only a portion of the tissue for analysis. The primary aim is to obtain a sample that is representative of the abnormality without the need for complete removal at this stage of diagnosis.

How is the Biopsy Incision Performed?

The Biopsy Incision procedure is meticulously planned and executed to ensure both accuracy in diagnosis and your comfort and safety. While the specifics can vary depending on the type of biopsy and the area of the body being examined, most procedures share a common structure:


The process begins with preparation, which may involve fasting for a certain period if general anaesthesia is to be used. The biopsy area is then cleaned, and a local anaesthetic is applied to numb the region, minimising discomfort during the procedure.

The Biopsy

For an incisional or excisional biopsy, a small incision is made in the skin to access the tissue of interest. The necessary amount of tissue is removed, with the aim of obtaining a sample that is sufficient for diagnostic purposes without causing unnecessary damage to the surrounding area.

Closure and Recovery

Once the sample is obtained, the incision is closed with stitches, if necessary, and bandaged. The procedure usually takes a short time, and you can often go home the same day, although you may need someone to drive you if you’ve had sedation or general anaesthesia. The biopsy site may be sore for a few days, and you’ll be given instructions on how to care for it.

The tissue sample is sent to a pathology laboratory, where it is analysed under a microscope by specialists.


Each biopsy type has its specific applications, benefits, and considerations. The choice of biopsy procedure depends on multiple factors, including the location, size, and nature of the suspicious area, as well as the overall health and circumstances of the patient. Your healthcare provider will recommend the most appropriate type of biopsy based on these factors, ensuring that the procedure is both safe and likely to provide the necessary diagnostic information.

Recovery after the Biopsy Incision

Recovery from a Biopsy Incision is generally straightforward, but it varies depending on the type of biopsy performed, the specific area of the body involved, and individual healing responses. The following guidelines aim to help you understand what to expect during the recovery period and how to care for yourself to ensure the best possible outcome:

Immediate Post-Procedure Care

Immediately after the procedure, you might experience mild discomfort, swelling, or bruising at the biopsy site. These symptoms are normal and usually subside within a few days. If a larger incision was required, or if the biopsy was performed in a sensitive area, recovery might take slightly longer.

Anca will give you specific instructions on how to care for the biopsy site. This may include:

  • Keeping the area clean and dry
  • Changing bandages as directed
  • Taking prescribed medications, such as pain relievers or antibiotics, to manage discomfort and prevent infection
  • Avoiding strenuous activities or heavy lifting to prevent bleeding or exacerbating any soreness

Monitoring for Complications

While serious complications from a Biopsy Incision are rare, it’s important to be vigilant during your recovery:

  • Increased pain, swelling, or redness at the biopsy site
  • Signs of infection, such as fever or pus from the incision
  • Persistent bleeding or oozing from the incision site
  • Any other symptoms that cause concern


Patient satisfaction is the top priority for Anca. You can find how patients feel about her work below.

How Much Is Biopsy Incision in the UK

In the UK, the cost of a biopsy incision can vary significantly based on several factors including the type of biopsy, the complexity of the procedure, the healthcare setting, and geographic location. Typically, prices for a biopsy incision start around £200 and can go up to £500 or more. This variation often reflects whether the biopsy is performed in a public NHS facility, where costs might be lower or covered by the NHS, or in a private clinic, where fees tend to be higher. Additional costs may also apply depending on the need for specialised diagnostic analysis or follow-up care.

Further Reading




Frequently asked questions

Although a Biopsy Incision is a commonly performed and generally safe procedure, like any medical intervention, it carries some risks. The risk of infection is present with any procedure that involves breaking the skin. Anca will take steps to minimise this risk by using sterile techniques and may prescribe antibiotics if there’s a higher risk of infection. Signs of infection include increased redness, warmth, swelling, and discharge at the biopsy site, along with fever. Minor bleeding at the biopsy site is common, but significant bleeding is rare.Some discomfort at the biopsy site is expected, but this is usually manageable with over-the-counter pain relievers.

The time frame for receiving biopsy results can vary, typically ranging from a few days to a week or more. This depends on the complexity of the analysis required and the workload of the laboratory. Your healthcare provider can give you a more specific estimate based on your individual case.

For most Biopsy Incisions performed under local anaesthesia, you may not need someone to accompany you, although it’s often recommended for comfort and support. However, if your procedure requires sedation or general anaesthesia, you will need someone to drive you home afterwards as you may be groggy and unable to drive safely.

If your biopsy is to be performed under local anaesthesia, you can typically eat and drink as normal before the procedure. However, if you’re receiving sedation or general anaesthesia, you’ll likely be asked to fast for a certain period before the biopsy. Anca and her team will give you specific instructions based on the type of anaesthesia to be used.

While the biopsy site may be tender or sore for a few days after the procedure, severe pain is uncommon. The area will be numbed with local anaesthesia during the biopsy, so you shouldn’t feel pain during the actual procedure. Any post-procedure discomfort can usually be managed with over-the-counter pain relief medications.

Preparation for a biopsy can vary depending on the specifics of the procedure. Generally, you may be asked to:

  • Provide a full list of medications you’re taking, including over-the-counter drugs and supplements, as some may need to be paused
  • Follow specific guidelines regarding eating and drinking if sedation or general anaesthesia is planned
  • Wear comfortable, loose-fitting clothing to the appointment
  • Arrange for someone to drive you home if sedation or general anaesthesia will be used

About Anca Breahna – Consultant Plastic Surgeon

top UK cosmetic surgeon anca breahnaMs Anca Breahna, PhD, MSc, FEBOPRAS, FRCS (Plast) is a highly regarded Consultant Plastic Surgeon specialising in the field of Aesthetic and Reconstructive Plastic Surgery. Anca performs a range of breast, body and face surgery and minor skin procedures.

As one of the very few female Plastic Surgeons in her region, she is able to offer that unique female perspective, with empathy, attention to detail and personalised care.

Anca Breahna’s surgical training has been largely undertaken within the United Kingdom. She began a rigorous training programme in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery in 1999, after achieving her medical degree from the University of Bucharest. Miss Breahna attained her PhD degree at the same university in 2007 for her medical research. She then relocated to the UK to further extend her qualifications and training.

Anca’s NHS practice is now focused on Breast Reconstructive Surgery, Skin Cancer Surgery, Hand Surgery and soft tissue reconstruction. Over the last 15 years, through her pursuit of further training and education, Anca has developed a special interest and expert practical experience in a range of Aesthetic Breast and Body Surgery.

It is Anca’s true dedication and commitment to her field, that sets her aside from her peers. Her extensive surgical training means that you are in safe hands. She is renowned for providing exceptional care, support and helping achieve realistic goals for her patients.

Anca will treat you in a straightforward manner, with respect, consideration and empathy to ensure you are comfortable with your choice.



Your Next Steps

Do your Research

  • Please read our website pages and blogs to learn more about your intended procedure.
  • All Surgery has risks and potential complications. Please read more about the risks of your surgery.

Making The Most Of Your Consultation

  • A Medical Referral from your Doctor before your consultation is not compulsory however  it is recommended.
  • Please arrive slightly early for your in-person consultation with Anca – Car parking is available on-site at all hospitals.
  • You are welcome to bring a friend or relative to help consider the information and discuss your options.
  • Please be aware you may need to undress for a physical exam so wear simple clothes.
  • Ensure you also take a lot of notes during the consultation and thoroughly read all the documents provided.

Want more information before scheduling your consultation?

Please call to find out more about availability, pricing and medical payment plans or to request more information about the procedure, contact us.

How to Book your Consultation with Anca Breahna – Plastic Surgeon

You can book your consultation with Anca by paying the £150 cosmetic consultation fee when you make your appointment. This fee covers further consultations about the same concern.

Contact Anca’s Team

Call Claire on 0800 080 6026 or Joedy on 03332 244111 to arrange your consultation or email us for more information.

We look forward to hearing from you soon.

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    Cheshire Cosmetic Surgery
    Chester Wellness Centre
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    Nuffield Health
    Wrexham Road
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    Practice Manager: Claire Bate – Phone 0800 080 6026

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